Taj Mahal | The Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan in 1632

 About Taj Mahal 

A virtuosic display of carved marble can be found inside the building, which has an interior that is faintly lit through marble lattices that have been punctured. The marble facings of the building give the exterior of the structure an ethereal air because of the incredible subtlety with which they react to shifting light and weather conditions.

The Taj Mahal is an Islamic mausoleum constructed out of ivory-white marble and located on the right bank of the Yamuna river in the city of Agra in India. It was commissioned in 1631 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal; it also holds the tomb of Shah Jahan himself.

The construction of the building began in 1631. The mausoleum is the centrepiece of a complex that spans 17 hectares and also has a mosque and a guest house. It is located in formal gardens that are enclosed on three sides by a crenellated wall.

The construction of the mausoleum was substantially finished in the year 1643; nevertheless, work on other aspects of the project continued for the following ten years. It is thought that the Taj Mahal complex was finished in its entirety in the year 1653 at a cost estimated at the time to be roughly 32 million rupees, which would be equivalent to approximately 70 billion rupees in 2020.

Taj Mahal
image credit = pixabay.com

 

Ustad Ahmad Lahauri, who served as the court architect to the emperor, was in charge of directing the approximately 20,000 artisans who were employed for the construction project. They were guided in their work by a board of architects.

The Taj Mahal makes use of many different kinds of symbolism in order to reflect both the natural beauty and the divine nature of its surroundings.

Because it is “the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the generally adored masterpieces of the world’s heritage,” the Taj Mahal was recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1983. This honour was bestowed to the building.

Many people consider it to be the finest illustration of Mughal architecture and a representation of India’s long and illustrious past. More than six million people go to see the Taj Mahal each year, and in 2007, the structure was selected as one of the winners of the New Seven Wonders of the World campaign. read also – New York City

History of Taj Mahal

The Mughal dynasty in Agra was established after the battle of Panipat, which took place in Agra. The death of Afghan Ruler Sikandar Lodhi became the turning moment that piloted the nation’s ventures into the world of architectural majesty. This was because of the loss of Sikandar Lodhi. This royal Mughal city is most known around the world as the location of the Taj Mahal; nevertheless, it is also home to a large number of other structures that serve to highlight the pinnacle of Mughal design.

On the banks of the Yamuna River, the man who would later build the Mughal dynasty was responsible for laying up the first traditional Persian garden. Jahangir constructed rose-red palaces, courts, and gardens inside of Akbar’s enormous Red Fort after the latter was fortified with lofty ramparts by Akbar.

The Taj represents India to the world and was embellished by Shah Jahan with marble mosques, palaces, and pavilions of gem-inlaid white marble. However, the crowning glory of the city is obviously The Taj, a monument of an imagination turned into a “symbol of eternal love.” The Taj is a monument of an imagination turned into a “symbol of eternal love.”

Taj Mahal
image credit = pixabay.com

When Shah Jahan’s third wife, Mumtaz Mahal, passed away while giving birth to their eighteenth child, Gauhar Ara Begum, in the year 1631 A.D., the Emperor of the Mughal Empire was overcome with grief. This was during the period of greatest prosperity for the Mughal Empire. The love story that is popularly believed to have been the inspiration for the Taj Mahal is illustrated in the court records of Shah Jahan’s grief.

The design traditions of Persian architecture and previous Mughal architecture are incorporated into and expanded upon in the construction of the Taj Mahal. Specific inspiration was drawn from prosperous Timurid and Mughal monuments such as the Gur-e Amir (which is located in Samarkand and is the mausoleum of Timur, the progenitor of the Mughal dynasty), Humayun’s Tomb, and Shah Jahan’s own Jama Masjid in Delhi.

Koc claims that Shah Jahan approached the construction of his “masterpiece for years to come” with the utmost care and consideration. For example, he spent over half a year just choosing the location of the new facility. The transformation of riverfront havelis into garden graves was the most popular architectural trend in the imperial city of Agra at the time.

However, the Taj Mahal was not going to be like any of the other garden tombs in the area. According to Koch, “Shah Jahan knew that nothing produces a stronger impression than sheer scale, therefore he decided to build a structure that was almost a kilometre long.”

“Shah Jahan knew and nothing makes an impact stronger than sheer size,” If it is not the largest mausoleum in the world, it is certainly the largest in Asia.

Architecture and design

The Taj Mahal is a prime example of early Mughal architecture that not only incorporates but also expands upon the design traditions of earlier Indo-Islamic and Mughal structures. This architectural masterpiece was built in Agra, India.

Specific inspiration came from prosperous Timurid and Mughal buildings such as the Gur-e Amir (the tomb of Timur, progenitor of the Mughal dynasty, located in Samarkand), Humayun’s Tomb, which inspired the Charbagh gardens and hasht-behesht plan of the site, and Itmad-Ud-Tomb Daulah’s Tomb. Other examples of specific inspiration include: (sometimes called the Baby Taj),

in place of the conventional red sandstone that was the principal material used in the construction of previous Mughal monuments, Jam Shah Jahan, Shah Jahan’s son, favoured the use of white marble inlaid with semi-precious stones. This was in place of the usual red sandstone that was utilised. The structures that he frequented achieved unheard-of heights of sophistication on a level never before seen.

Tourism

Each year, the Taj Mahal attracts a huge crowd of vacationers and tourists. The United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) reported receiving more over 2 million visitors in 2001; however, by 2014, that number had increased to roughly 7–8 million.

There is a two-tier pricing structure in force, with an admission fee that is just somewhat less expensive for people who are citizens of India and a fee that is quite a bit more costly for people who are not citizens of India. Official site – https://www.tajmahal.gov.in/

The price of admission has been set at fifty rupees for residents of India as of the year 2022, five hundred and forty for citizens of nations that are members of SAARC and BIMSTEC, and one thousand and one hundred for tourists from other countries. The peak season for tourism is throughout the winter months of October, November, and February because temperatures are normally lower during these months.

Taj Mahal
image credit = pixabay.com

Visitors are obliged to either walk from the parking lots or ride an electric bus because polluting automobiles are not permitted in the area immediately surrounding the complex. The Khawasspuras, which are currently undergoing repair in preparation for its use as the location of a completely new visitor centre, are also referred to as the northern courtyards.

In 2019, visitors who stayed at the spot for longer than three hours were subject to a fine as part of an initiative to lessen the detrimental consequences that have been caused by overtourism at the location.

In the small village known as Taj Ganji or Mumtazabad, which is situated to the south of the Taj Mahal, the first caravanserais, bazaars, and markets were founded. Taj Ganji is also referred to as “Mumtazabad.” This was done to accommodate the requirements of both the tourists and the labourers.

The Taj Mahal is often included on lists of places that are highly recommended for tourists to see. It is also featured on a number of different lists of the seven wonders of the modern world, such as the recently published New Seven Wonders of the World, a poll that was conducted not too long ago and gained one hundred million votes.

Inspiration

In 1631, Shah Jahan issued the order that would eventually result in the construction of the Taj Mahal as a monument to his late wife, Mumtaz Mahal. While giving birth to their 14th child, Gauhara Begum, on June 17, that year, Mumtaz Mahal passed suddenly from complications related to labour and delivery.

In her honour, the Taj Mahal was built in Agra, India. The tomb was completed in the year 1648, but the surrounding structures and garden were not finished until 1653. The mausoleum’s construction started in the year 1632, and it was completed in the year 1648.

The love story that is said to have served as the inspiration for the Taj Mahal is illustrated by the imperial court in its documentation of Shah Jahan’s mourning following the death of Mumtaz Mahal.

Myths

Since the time it was built, the structure has been the object of admiration from people of all different cultures and in all different parts of the world. As a direct consequence of this, personal and emotional responses to the monument have consistently been accorded a greater amount of weight than intellectual analyses of the landmark.

There is a persistent urban legend that Shah Jahan had the notion to construct a mausoleum across the Yamuna river that would be made of black marble and would be called the Black Taj Mahal. This legend states that Shah Jahan wanted to honour his wife by naming the structure after herself.

In the year 1665, a European traveller by the name of Jean-Baptiste Tavernier, who had travelled to Agra, was the first person to propose the concept in the imaginative writings that he had produced. It was speculated that his son Aurangzeb overthrew his father Shah Jahan before the construction of the monument could begin.

It would appear that burned marble remnants in the Mehtab Bagh, which are located on the other bank of the river, lend credence to this long-held story. However, excavations carried out in the 1990s revealed that they were formerly white stones that had darkened owing to discolouration and became black. These discoveries were made possible by the fact that they had become black.

Taj Mahal
image credit = pixabay

In 2006, archaeologists made a more credible explanation for the origins of the black tomb by rebuilding a piece of the pool in the Mehtab Bagh. This was done in order to demonstrate how the pool fit into the layout of the tomb. In order to validate the notion, this was carried out.

It was possible to see a distinct reflection of the white mausoleum in the black water of the pool, which was appropriate considering Shah Jahan’s fixation with symmetry and the arrangement of the pool itself. [Citation needed] [Citation needed] The Mughal Empire was a militaristic and military-oriented empire that once existed in India. A+E Network is a television station group that operates as a network. 2006.

There is no concrete evidence to back up the claims that describe, frequently in gory detail, the deaths, dismemberments, and mutilations that Shah Jahan allegedly inflicted on various architects and craftsmen associated with the tomb. These claims have been circulating for a long time but have never been proven true.

There has never been any evidence to back up these statements, despite their widespread dissemination. According to some reports, everyone who took part in the building signed papers committing themselves to not take part in any future designs that are even remotely similar. This was a condition of their participation in the construction.

There are a number of well-known structures that have been credited with accomplishments that are analogous to these ones. There is no evidence to corroborate the accusations that Lord William Bentinck, who served as governor-general of India in the 1830s, intended to take down the Taj Mahal and sell the marble at auction.

This is because there is no evidence to support these assertions. Bentinck’s biographer, John Rosselli, contends that the origin of the story may be traced back to Bentinck’s attempts to make money by selling leftover marble from Agra Fort. Rosselli published the history of Bentinck.

Symbolism

As a result of the Taj Mahal’s widespread recognition and association with India, the building has evolved into a representation of the nation as a whole. This is owing to the fact that it has garnered significant notice from all around the world, as well as the fact that it receives millions of people each year.

The Taj Mahal is a well-known symbol of love, but it is also a representation of the wealth and power of Shah Jahan, as well as the fact that the empire grew under his leadership. This is because the building of the Taj Mahal began in 1632 and was completed in 1648.

This is due to the fact that he oversaw construction of the Taj Mahal during his reign. The concept of using a central axis to dominate bilateral symmetry as a representation of a dominating power that gives balance and harmony has been employed as a symbol by monarchs throughout history, and Shah Jahan used that concept in the construction of the Taj Mahal.

In other words, the concept of using a central axis to dominate bilateral symmetry is a representation of a dominating power that gives balance and harmony. In addition, the plan is oriented in the north–south direction, and its four corners have been placed in such a way that, when viewed from the centre of the plan, one can observe the sun rising and setting on the plan’s north and south corners, respectively, on the summer and winter solstices.

This is possible because the four corners of the plan have been positioned in such a way that the plan is oriented in the cardinal north–south direction. As a consequence of this, the Taj Mahal might be understood to operate as a metaphorical horizon.

The design and construction of the Taj Mahal, from the building itself to the gardens and beyond, are intended to be seen as a portrayal of Mumtaz Mahal’s home in the garden of paradise. This interpretation extends to every aspect of the Taj Mahal.

The design of the tomb was derived from the layout of the Gardens of Paradise, which were incorporated into the overall structure of the tomb. Pietra dura, also known as parchin kari after its use by the Mughals, is a technique that involves using semiprecious stones to fill in the voids that are left behind after beautiful vines and blooms have been removed.

Pietra dura was the name given to this method by the Mughals. It would appear as though the colour of the building undergoes a very tiny transformation throughout the course of the day, with the change being influenced by both the temperature and the humidity of the surrounding air.

Not only have the reflecting ponds been incorporated into the design, but the sky above has also been incorporated into the design, and this has been done by incorporating the sky into the surface of the structure itself. Intimating that Allah was present at the scene is another possibility that might be raised using this method.

FAQ

Taj Mahal

The Taj Mahal in Agra, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is one of the most popular tourist attractions. This structure made of white marble represents the husband's unwavering affection and love for his deceased wife.
Yes ! 30 minutes before sunrise till 30 minutes before sunset are the visiting hours.
The ASI had declared that on June 21 all entrance fees would be waived at the Taj Mahal, the Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri, and other ASI-protected monuments in Agra and throughout India in honour of International Yoga Day 2022.
In all of Indo-Islamic architecture, the Taj Mahal is regarded as the pinnacle of architectural achievement.
Unsurprisingly, Taj Mahal consistently ranks first among Uttar Pradesh's historical tourist attractions.
No! Mobile phones are also banned for viewing Taj Mahal at night with Camera. Although still cameras are allowed after a security check to view the Taj Mahal at night, video cameras and extra batteries are not allowed.

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